CPAWS Welcomes Nááts’įhch’oh National Park Reserve Management Plan

Canadian Forestry News - Fri, 2017-12-15 11:07
YELLOWKNIFE – The Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS) NWT chapter welcomes the release of the Nááts’įhch’oh National Park Reserve Management Plan, the first for Nááts’įhch’oh, and is pleased that the plan considers both cultural and economic benefits for the Sahtu Dene and Metis of the Tulita District.
Categories: Canadian, Forestry, News

Landmark Supreme Court decision is a victory for First Nations and environmental groups.

Canadian Forestry News - Fri, 2017-12-01 13:59
Yukon First Nations and environmental groups have won a landmark Supreme Court case. The judgment released today upholds a land use plan that protects the majority of the Peel Watershed in northeastern Yukon. It’s a massive victory for Yukon First Nations and cause for environmental celebration on a global scale.
Categories: Canadian, Forestry, News

Sawmills of Finland – a different philosophy

Canadian Forestry News - Wed, 2017-11-29 18:08
The faint smell of burnt wood permeates Finland. The likely culprit: with a population of about 5.5 million, it is estimated there are four million saunas. Many of those saunas are heated with wood – a valued commodity, and part of Finland’s culture. Source: Woodbusiness About 65% of the country’s land mass is covered by the boreal forest. Much of that forest is owned privately and managed intensively for sawlog production, which makes the quality and price of saw logs significantly higher than in Canada. “The philosophy here is to use every part of the log. There is zero tolerance for processing mistakes,” explains Martin Arula, managing director for the newly opened Toftan 2 sawmill in Estonia. “We try to maintain the surface quality so we can optimize thickness and width,” Arula says. “We want a smooth, nice surface. It’s not that relevant in North America where you machine the majority of the products after the sawing. There seem to be bigger marked downgrades. Probably the raw material price allows you to do that.” European sawmills are also challenged to cut for a diverse market of countries that have specific product requests. “In our case it’s so expensive that you really have to take care of every single log, every single board as well otherwise you are out of the business,” Arula says. To some extent, Canadian sawmillers can learn from the Scandinavian/Baltic sawmilling philosophy. That is the idea behind HewSaw’s annual sawmill safari, which this year took North American sawmillers, consultants and engineers to two top-producing mills in Estonia and four in Finland. CFI was on that trip in September and gathered some insights into what makes these mills so efficient. HewSaw has been running its sawmill safari for more than 20 years. Bill Tice, marketing manager for HewSaw in North America who organizes the tour, says on more than one occasion participants have changed their minds about the advantages of adopting the European sawmill philosophy. “One of the main reasons we do this trip is so that our sawmills can pick up some new ideas,” Mr Tice says. The most significant difference between mills in Europe and North America is in the log yard. While in Canada logs are at most sorted in five to 10 bins, in Europe mills typically sort between 40 and 80 bins. Logs there are first sent through a metal detector (Estonian mills often find shrapnel in their logs from battles fought in the Second World War). Logs are then scanned and emptied into bins according to saw patterns. Pre-sorting allows the mills to batch run. Minimal change means they can reduce the gap between logs and run at higher speeds, some mills as fast as 200 metres per minute. While 40 or more sort bins make sense in the Finnish and Estonian mills, safari participant Sylvain Messier, notes that space is often a limiting factor for Canadian mills. “We have that type of log sorting at some of our mills but we don’t have that same variety. We sort sometimes eight or 10 bins, but never as many as here. It’s more about room. It takes a lot of room to have that type of log sorting system, and to get the full recovery as they are doing. We’re limited with the room we have,” Mr Messier says. Mr Tice says he’s starting to see more sort bins in North American mills, and expects to see more in the future. “Typically they would be what we call ‘hybrid’, where it’s maybe six sort bins and they are also reducing the gap so it can be quite the advantage to do that” Toftan 2 sawmill in Estonia was built brand-new in 2016. Owned by a Swedish sawmilling group, Mr Arula had the luxury of building the mill from scratch. It took him and his team more than a year and half to research what equipment they would like to use in the mill. Toftan 2 runs three-metre spruce and pine with top diameters between three and 13.5 inches at speeds of up to 650 feet per min. Inside Tit runs a HewSaw R200 1.1 with LogIn 2R, and with Prologic+ scanning software they can change saw patterns in a matter of seconds. Once a batch is complete (about 2.5 hours), full changeover can happen in about seven minutes. With its unique configuration, Toftan 2 has the ability to be the highest producing mill in Europe. “We are very close to that,” Mr Arula says. “We have the will to do it, the whole team. But that is not a target by itself; the target is to earn money. Profit is the most important thing and productively is just one part of the equation. Also unique to Toftan: their drying process includes a two-tonne load on the stack in the kiln to minimize twisting. The kiln is supplied by Finland’s Heinola Sawmill Machinery. JPJ Wood sawmill in Finland recently installed an x-ray whole log scanner supplied by Finnos. Our visit fell on the same day the mill began full operations with the scanner. Mill manager Markus Luodelahti says they chose Finnos because the system scans four sides of the log. “The biggest reason to install x-ray is to better measure bark and in winter time also ice and snow. We don’t have to guess the bark percentage,” Luodelahti says. “The other thing is that seeing inside the log during log sorting means we can sort the same kind of quality logs in the same pocket. That makes for more stable timber quality after sawing and it makes timber sorting easier.” A highlight of the tour was the Metsä Wood Vilppula Sawmill in Finland where an impressive HewSaw SL250 3.4 line was commissioned in 2013. The line handles spruce and pine with top diameters between four and 21.5 inches, at speeds of 200-600 feet per minute. The four-phase breakdown line includes four-sided cant chipping, a cant saw, a ripsaw and an optional cross saw. A rotation correction system improves the log positioning. Canadian company Prologic+ log and cant measuring instruments and programs optimize the line. The system works off campaigns of patterns built by Prologic+, that are based on customer orders. The patterns prioritize by price, but can […]
Categories: Canadian, Forestry, News

Canada requests WTO consultations on U.S. duties on Canadian softwood lumber

Canadian Forestry News - Tue, 2017-11-28 20:14

Published November 28th, 2017 by Global Affairs Canada – Source Canada today formally requested World Trade Organization (WTO) consultations with the United States concerning the U.S. Department of Commerce’s recent final anti-dumping and countervailing duty determinations on imports of certain softwood lumber products from Canada. The U.S. Department of Commerce’s decision to impose punitive anti-dumping and countervailing duties on Canadian softwood lumber producers is unfair, …

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Quebec Shows Leadership on Caribou Recovery and Protected Areas

Canadian Forestry News - Tue, 2017-11-28 10:53
The Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS) Quebec Chapter welcomes the announcement of the Quebec government’s commitment to create the large Manouane-Manicouagan Woodland Caribou protected area, in the Montagnes Blanches region. This long-awaited action follows 10 years of hard work at CPAWS Quebec and will have a positive impact on the recovery of boreal woodland caribou without impacting forestry interests in the region.
Categories: Canadian, Forestry, News

Federal report highlights need for urgent action on Boreal Woodland Caribou protection

Canadian Forestry News - Tue, 2017-10-31 19:05
Ottawa – CPAWS is calling on all governments to do more for caribou recovery, after dismal findings in the first report on the implementation of the federal recovery strategy.
Categories: Canadian, Forestry, News

CPAWS welcomes draft caribou range plan as a great first step

Canadian Forestry News - Mon, 2017-10-30 17:05
October 30, 2018, Prince Albert - The Saskatchewan chapter of the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS) welcomes today’s release of a draft range plan for the Woodland Caribou as a first step in protecting this threatened species. Saskatchewan is the second province to release a draft plan, and the first to include so much detail.
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New Tursujuq park: Quebec stays on course about protected areas

Canadian Forestry News - Mon, 2017-10-30 11:33
The Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS Quebec) is pleased with the statements made today at the inauguration of Tursujuq National Park, the largest protected area in eastern North America. A positive and encouraging announcement...
Categories: Canadian, Forestry, News

New Tursujuq Park: Quebec Continues to add protected areas with new National Park

Canadian Forestry News - Mon, 2017-10-30 11:33
The Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS Quebec) is pleased with the statements made today at the inauguration of Tursujuq National Park, the largest protected area in North America. A positive and encouraging announcement...
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Government takes important step in protecting Canada’s Oceans and Seamounts

Canadian Forestry News - Sat, 2017-10-28 16:14
Saturday 28th October, Victoria, BC – The Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS) today recognized the significant work on ocean conservation by the Government of Canada and welcomed the announcement of a new fishing closure as the critical first step to protect a large area of seamounts off the west coast of Vancouver Island. -30- For more information, contact: Sabine Jessen, National Ocean Program Director, CPAWS (604) 657-2813 Alexandra Barron, Ocean Conservation Manager, CPAWS-BC (604) 783-7835
Categories: Canadian, Forestry, News

TimberWest is the first SFI Program Participant to be Certified Under the Progressive Aboriginal Relations Program

Canadian Forestry News - Mon, 2017-10-23 21:12

Published October 23rd, 2017 by Sustainable Forest Initiative – Source TimberWest is the first Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI) Program Participant to achieve the Canadian Council for Aboriginal Business (CCAB) Bronze certification under the Progressive Aboriginal Relations (PAR) program. This certification demonstrates to Indigenous communities that TimberWest is a good business partner, a great place to work and is committed to the prosperity of Indigenous communities. TimberWest …

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Categories: Canadian, Forestry, News

TimberWest is the First SFI Program Participant to be Certified Under the Progressive Aboriginal Relations Program

Canadian Forestry News - Mon, 2017-10-23 04:00

Ottawa, ON — TimberWest is the first Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI) Program Participant to achieve the Canadian Council for Aboriginal Business (CCAB) Bronze certification under the Progressive Aboriginal Relations (PAR) program. This certification demonstrates to Indigenous communities that TimberWest is a good business partner, a great place to work and is committed to the prosperity of Indigenous communities. TimberWest is also the first BC forest company to earn PAR certification.

Categories: Canadian, Forestry, News

COFI Announces Winners of Second Annual Forestry Photo Contest

Canadian Forestry News - Fri, 2017-10-20 14:16

Vancouver, B.C. – The BC Council of Forest Industries (COFI), with media partner Canadian Forest Industries (CFI) Magazine today announced the winners of the 2017 Forestry Photo Contest. “For this year’s contest, we really wanted to showcase the significance of the forest industry to the people and communities throughout B.C.,” said Susan Yurkovich, President and […]

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Tree planting with drones already in Australia

Canadian Forestry News - Wed, 2017-10-18 19:17
Along with taking lives and causing millions of dollars in property damage, the wildfires in California are scorching the land in another way: Millions of trees are being destroyed. Source: CBS News The blazes have charred more than 770,000 acres in the state alone, as fires around the country seemingly grow more destructive by the year. Yet even that eye-opening number is a fraction of the devastation happening globally. The planet loses billions of trees every year due to a range of factors, including fire, illegal logging and clearance for agriculture. “Trees are being lost at the rate of about a football field a second,” said David Skole, professor of forestry at Michigan State University. “If you’re watching the Michigan Wolverines play Michigan State and they go into overtime, every time the clock ticks down, a forest the size of that field disappears.” While governments and environmental groups have committed to re-foresting depleted parts of the world. “We aren’t doing the work fast enough,” added Lauren Fletcher. Mr Fletcher, who spent 20 years as an engineer at NASA and Lockheed Martin thinks he has a solution: drones. His company, BioCarbon Engineering, uses drones and data analysis to do large-scale replanting in areas that would otherwise take years to re-plant by hand. The system works in two steps. First, a surveillance drone surveys an area to collect information about its soil type, climate, existing flora and other attributes to determine which plant species to introduce. “It’s not just trees — a healthy ecosystem has a variety of species that have to be planted,” he said. Then, a planting drone is loaded with biodegradable “pods” that contain seeds and a nutritional mixture to help them germinate. Flying 10 feet above the ground, the drone fires the pods at the ground with enough force to penetrate the soil. This approach isn’t theoretical – it’s being used today. The company completed a planting project in Australia in May and is “pretty much oversubscribed for the next year,” Mr Fletcher said, with projects in Myanmar, the Philippines and the UK. Re-foresting efforts in Canada, Brazil and the Us are on the horizon. “With our system, two people will be operating a small swarm of drones, and they will be able to plant 100,000 trees a day,” he said. “If you get 600 teams working around the world, we will be able to plant a billion trees a year — and that’s a scale that makes a difference.” Not all the seedlings survive, but Fletcher said his method has comparable survival rates to hand-planting seeds, which vary from 20% to 70%, depending on the species. Mainly, it’s cheaper and faster, which allows for many more trees to planted in a given time period. And speed and scale could be a game-changer for temperate areas. “Planting trees has a very limited season, depending on where you are in the world,” Mr Fletcher said. “If you’re in the northern hemisphere, the Canadian Rockies, you’re lucky to get a couple of months.” Drones also have the advantage of access: Unlike humans, they can plant on dangerously steep inclines or at forbidding altitudes. “If you could plant 60 times what you’re doing today at five times cheaper, you can imagine how much restoration work you could do,” Mr Fletcher said. Interestingly, although most of the entities working with forest restoration are governments or nonprofits, the for-profit nature of BioCarbon Engineering could give it an edge as polluters look to offset their activities and as the global community moves to reach targets outlined under the Paris climate accord. “When you start valuing the ecosystem services, as in the sequestration of carbon, you have more environmental finance markets that are springing up, and those do place a value on the ecosystem service,” Mr Skole said. One possible model for BioCarbon, he said, would be to take degraded land, reforest it, measure the amount of carbon it’s sequestering and then sell those credits. Regardless of what method is used to save them, trees’ value is set grow as climate change accelerates and countries take steps to limit the warming. Research shows as much as half of the carbon reduction the world needs to meet international targets could happen through planting trees. That has another benefit, Mr Skole said. “If you look at all the options for climate change mitigation out there, the forestry and agriculture ones are the most cost effective.”
Categories: Canadian, Forestry, News

CPAWS applauds government commitment to establishing minimum standards for marine protected areas

Canadian Forestry News - Thu, 2017-10-05 19:27
The Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS) applauds the government for recognizing the need for minimum protection standards for Canada’s marine protected areas (MPAs) and for announcing the establishment of a new advisory panel to the Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard on the development of these standards.
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Conservationists call on Canadian governments to act now to protect caribou habitat

Canadian Forestry News - Thu, 2017-10-05 10:06
The Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS) is calling on Canada’s governments to act now to protect boreal caribou habitat across the nation to curb the continued decline of this iconic Canadian species.
Categories: Canadian, Forestry, News

Congratulations to Yousry El-Kassaby for receiving the 2017 Canadian Forestry Scientific Achievement Award

Canadian Forestry News - Thu, 2017-09-28 12:15
Yousry El-Kassaby has been selected by the Canadian Institute of Forestry as the 2017 recipient of the Canadian Forestry Scientific Achievement Award.
Categories: Canadian, Forestry, News

Canadian expert urges NZ to build more high rise wood

Canadian Forestry News - Wed, 2017-09-27 21:11
A visiting Canadian building expert is urging New Zealand to make better use of its natural timber to construct more high-rise buildings using wood. Source: Radio NZ Karla Fraser, a senior project manager at Urban One Builders in Vancouver, is in New Zealand for a conference in Rotorua later this week. She worked on the Tallwood House at Brock Commons in Vancouver, the tallest timber building in the world, which opened in July. It is an 18-storey building housing students at the University of British Columbia. She said a fear of building high-rises with wood had meant the idea had been slow to take off. There had been concerns about moisture levels in the wood, and fire risk. Ms Fraser said a lot of work went into the design and testing of the building and fears had been assuaged. She said it made sense to use wood, particularly in countries with an abundance of timber like Canada and New Zealand. “There is definitely a benefit to be able to grow a product you are using to build.” She said in the case of Tallwood House it was about 5% more expensive to build than a conventional concrete building. Ms Fraser said construction using mainly timber was environmentally friendly. “At Tallwood we had a lot less waste than we have off regular projects we work on.” Ms Fraser, who visits Christchurch on the trip, said high rise buildings built with timber were a safe option. Timber buildings were lighter and flexed more in quakes. “The wood buildings, they make sense. They have a lot more flex to them and the engineering expertise is available and can be done easily and I do believe these are smarter buildings. “It makes perfectly good sense to use your local industry to support your economy and the people living here.” Builders, engineers and architects had to want to embrace the concept if it was to succeed, she said.
Categories: Canadian, Forestry, News

America First is making Canada rich

Canadian Forestry News - Wed, 2017-09-20 21:01
Donald Trump’s policy on trade since becoming president has been all about putting “America First” but in one corner of the commodity world, his actions are having the opposite effect. Source: Bloomberg In a move intended to protect the domestic lumber industry, the US slapped duties of as much as 31% on imports of timber from Canada, which supplies more than a quarter of what American builders use each year. Prices surged, increasing costs for American buyers and boosting profit for Canadian producers. Shares of Canadian softwood lumber producers Canfor and West Fraser Timber Co are outperforming their American peers with gains of more than 40% this year, placing them among the top performers on the BI Global Paper and Wood Products Index. By contrast, shares of U.S. rival Weyerhaeuser Co are up about 10%. Lumber futures jumped 16% in 2017 as US trade limits and western wildfires spark concerns over limited supplies, just as communities in Texas and Florida begin to rebuild after devastating hurricanes in the past month. That means more gains ahead for Canfor and West Fraser, which have more exposure to softwood-lumber prices than their American peers, including Weyerhaeuser and Potlatch Corp according to Christoph Butz, a senior investment manager of timber funds at Pictet Asset Management in Geneva. Shares of Canfor fell 0.3% to C$23.05 in Toronto while West Fraser rose 0.4% to C$69.74. “There is no way lumber prices can nosedive,” said Mr Butz, whose firm is one of the largest shareholders of Vancouver-based Canfor. Disputes between the countries over softwood lumber have caused intermittent friction for years. Canada’s share of the US lumber market averaged 28% under a previous trade agreement, Joshua Zaret, a Bloomberg Intelligence analyst, said in a March report, citing data from the Congressional Research Service. Tensions escalated in April when the Trump administration imposed preliminary countervailing duties of as much as 24% on Canadian imports. Additional duties of as much as 7.7% followed in June. But most of those increases have been passed along to consumers. “This is a strong market,” said Joshua Zaret, an analyst with Bloomberg Intelligence. “If it were a weak market, they wouldn’t be able to push through prices, and they’d have to eat the tariffs.” The U.S. tariffs sent lumber prices surging at a time when demand from home builders was already strong, Mr Butz said. While the lion’s share of the Canadian producers’ business is directly linked to lumber, the American companies have more investments in private US timberlands and mills in the nation’s south, where log prices haven’t increased as much, he said. “Prices have gone up, and the USmarket has absorbed the prices,” said Philippe Couillard, the premier of Quebec, Canada’s second-largest lumber-exporting province. In Canada, “not a single worker has been laid off, not a single plant has been closed,” Mr Couillard said. “So the people suffering from this battle are the US consumer and the people wanting to build their homes or renovate their homes.” The trade dispute pushed up material costs for house builders in the US by 20%, Jerry Howard, chief executive officer of the National Association of Home Builders, said last month. On the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, lumber futures are up 25% over the past 12 months to US$381.80 per 1000 board feet. Prices have room to keep climbing, said Kevin Mason, managing director of Vancouver-based ERA Forest Products Research. Lumber could reach US$400 over the next month if mills start running low on logs after wildfires in some key forest areas, Mr Mason said. Wildfires in western parts of Canada, along with some in the US, are threatening tree supplies and have prompted limitations on log harvesting, Mr Mason said. An infestation of the mountain pine beetle also has eaten away at timber in the Canadian province of British Columbia, the world’s biggest exporter of softwood lumber. Output threats can become a bit of a double-edged sword for Canada’s producers. On the one hand, they’re likely to keep lumber prices high. But wildfires and pests also could hurt sales and impede the ability of companies to deliver large volumes. That could mean a boost for other global suppliers. “All that lumber needs to come from somewhere,” Mr Butz of Pictet said.
Categories: Canadian, Forestry, News

Using the forest sector to help mitigate climate change

Canadian Forestry News - Mon, 2017-09-18 09:24
PDF for download INTERVIEW with keynote speaker Dr. Werner Kurz, Canadian Forest Service (Natural Resources Canada), Canada Keynote Plenary Session 1 Thursday, 21 September, 10:30 – 12:00, Rolf Böhme Saal (Konzerthaus Freiburg) “The potential contribution of the forest sector to climate change mitigation”     By Bob Burt IUFRO Science Writer   “Climate change is […]
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