In the 2Q 2019, the European Sawlog Price Index (ESPI) fell to a nine-year low, reported Wood Resources International in its Wood Resource Quarterly. In Euro terms, average sawlog prices in Austria and Germany have fallen almost 20% over the past two years, improving the competitiveness of the two countries sawmilling industry. US softwood log shipments to China have fallen by US$124 million in value since the trade war started May 2018. Sources: Lesprom, Wood Resource Quarterly Prices for softwood pulplogs and wood chips fell in practically all markets around the world in the 2Q/19 because of a combination of factors. These factors varied by region, but included reduced fiber demand, lower pulp prices, insect-damaged forests, and favorable logging conditions. In the 2Q 2019, the Softwood Fiber Price Index (SFPI) fell by 1.5% from the previous quarter. The Hardwood Fiber Price Index (HFPI) was down 0.5% quarter-over-quarter in the 2Q 2019. Hardwood pulplog prices fell the most in Indonesia, Germany, the US Northwest and Brazil, while prices increased in Russia, Japan and Australia. Pulp mills around the world have had to tackle both weak demand and high inventories of pulp during the second quarter of 2019. The prices for NBSK and BHKP market pulp in July were down as much as 26% and 18% respectively, from October of last year. With unchanged or slightly higher log costs and lower lumber prices in the 2Q, sawmills in North America saw their profit margins decline again after the short-lived improvements seen in the 1Q 2019. Demand for lumber in China, the UK, Egypt and the Netherlands increased this year despite a slowdown in the global economy. Lumber production in Canada from January to May 2019 was 9% lower than it was during the same period in 2018. Most of the decline were in British Columbia, where production was down 16.5% year-over-year. China imported almost eight million m3 of softwood lumber in the 2Q, a new quarterly high. Russian deliveries reached five million m3, a 39% increase from the 1Q 2019. The increased lumber demand in the MENA region continued in the 1Q 2019 when the two major markets, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, increased their importation by over 50% from the 1Q 2018. In 2015, only 80,000 tons were exported to Japan, while an estimated 600,000 tons (24% of all exports) are expected to be shipped to this relatively new market in 2019. Wood fiber costs for US pellet manufacturers fell in the 2Q, while Canadian pellet producers experienced higher costs due to reduced supply of sawmill residues.
FutureMetrics announced that a project that it has guided for more than two years is now producing high quality pellets in Vietnam. FutureMetrics provides advice on producing, selling and transporting pellets, on operations optimization and other guidance for the industry sector. Source: Timberbiz Under the guidance of FutureMetrics’ operations expert John Swaan, a new 120,000 metric tonne per year pellet plant located in Binh Dinh province Vietnam has reached the commercial operation stage. When FutureMetrics was retained by Ayo Biomass in early 2017 the objective was to build a world-class pellet mill that broke the stereotype of the typical Vietnam pellet factory. Ayo wanted to produce pellets that would be on par with north American industrial wood pellets in terms of quality, consistency, sustainability, and to have the pellets produced in a plant that is safe, clean, and reliable. Those objectives have been realized.
Margules Groome Consulting’s Rob de Fegely has been awarded the NW Jolly Medal for his services to the Australian forest industry at an Australian and New Zealand Institute of Forestry conference in Christchurch. Source: Timberbiz Mr de Fegely is also chairman of Sustainable Timber Tasmania and Co-Chair of the Commonwealth Governments Forest Industry Advisory Council. The NW Jolly Medal is the Institute of Foresters of Australia’s highest and most prestigious award for outstanding service to forestry in Australia. It is named after Norman W Jolly who was the first Australian to be trained as a forester at Oxford University in 1904. In accepting the award Mr de Fegely said he was deeply honoured to have been recognised by his peers for his services to forestry in Australia. “I started my first job as a forester in Bombala in March 1980 developing pine plantations on old farmland and I am very appreciative of the lessons I learned working in the Bombala community for nearly nine years,’’ Mr de Fegely said. “In addition to my normal job, I had the honour of being the project manager developing the Bicentennial Gardens which was a great community effort and is now a wonderful asset in the middle of the town along the river. “Since my time in Bombala my career has taken me to Canberra, Queanbeyan and Melbourne before returning the Far South Coast. I have had the opportunity to work on projects for both government and private clients in every state of Australia and overseas in Asia and North America which has been a wonderful experience,” he said. “I also owe a great deal to my early mentors Prof Lindsay Pryor (NW Jolly medallist – 1971), Ray Margules and John Groome and I have also learnt a huge amount from my many clients over the years.” Mr de Fegely said Australia had a very positive future in the forest industry. Not only was Australia the seventh most forested country in the world but on per capita basis the country had more forest per person than every other country except for Canada. “Sadly, though we are still a net importer of forest products importing around 60 thousand cubic metres per annum of sawn hardwood and 740 thousand cubic metres per annum of softwood and some of this timber is coming from forests that are not as well managed as ours in Australia,” Mr de Fegely said. “So, Australia should be doing more and as wood is the ultimate renewable product it will play a very important role in meeting the challenges of sustainably feeding, clothing and housing the 10 billion people that will be living on our planet by 2050.”
Despite opposition from trade unions on both sides of the Atlantic, the neoliberal EU continues to sign free-trade deals with Latin American states, says Bert Schouwenburg. Plus letters from Sara Starkey, Steve Edwards, Michael Stone and Stephen AndrewsThe calamitous fires laying waste to the Amazon rainforest (Report, 28 August) make a mockery of the European commission’s claim that a blockbuster free-trade agreement with the Mercosur (South American common market) countries will enhance what they euphemistically refer to as “sustainable development”. On the contrary, the agreement will merely lock in the South American republics’ historic dependency on the export of agricultural commodities such as genetically modified soya, beef and sugar, much of which comes from savannah and forest land that has been destroyed by huge agri-business combines. Local resistance to the destruction of their lands has been met with repression and violence, particularly in Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina, where rightwing extremist governments treat their indigenous populations with contempt.Despite sustained opposition from trade unions on both sides of the Atlantic, the EU continues to sign free-trade deals with Latin American states such as Colombia, Guatemala and Honduras regardless of appalling human rights violations, displacement of peoples and environmental degradation, and all in the name of sustainable development. Given the scale of the disaster in Brazil, perhaps the neoliberal EU will finally heed the old North American warning that only after every tree has been cut down and every river poisoned will people realise that you cannot eat money.Bert Schouwenburg(Trade union adviser), London Continue reading...
Summer extremes of heat and rain are likely to last longer in Europe, North America and Asia if the world warms by more than 2°C, with serious effects for agriculture and human health.
Fire is a natural part of western forests, but the changing nature of fire in many parts of North America may pose challenges for birds. One bird in particular, the Black-backed Woodpecker, specializes in using recently-burned forests in western North America, but new research suggests that these birds actually prefer to nest near the edges of burned patches -- and these edges are getting harder to find as wildfires have become bigger and more severe.
Climate Week NYC 2019 will gather representatives from businesses, governments, academic institutions, arts and music organizations, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) for a variety of panel discussions, concerts, exhibitions and seminars. Events taking place during Climate Week NYC 2019 are organized into 11 categories: 1) Youth and Climate Activism; 2) Energy Transition; 3) Industry Transition; 4) Clean Transport, Buildings and Infrastructure; 5) Food, Land and Nature-based Solutions; 6) Climate Finance, Investment and Carbon Pricing; 7) National Government Policy and Commitment; 8) State, City and Local Action; 9) Health, Equality and Justice; 10) Sustainable Travel and Leisure; and 11) Resilience and Adaption to Climate Change. Events include: Sustainable Investment Forum North America 2019 (25 September); AI Sustainable Development Summit (28 September); and Equator Prize 2019 Award Ceremony (24 September). Climate Week NYC 2019 will convene on the side of the opening of the 74th session of the UN General Assembly (UNGA), and support the UN Climate Action Summit by providing a space for organizations to extend week-long activities outside of the UN building and throughout the week. The SDG Summit and a High-level Dialogue on Financing for Development (FfD) will also take place during the Week. Launched by The Climate Group in 2009, Climate Week NYC seeks to drive climate action forward. Information about Climate Week NYC 2018 is here. We will update this page as more information becomes available. To receive all SDG Knowledge Hub updates on these and other SDG-related events, sign up for our SDG Update newsletter.
Amplify: Involving women in climate-change mitigation isn't only good policy - it's good for the planet
Living in a North American bubble of privilege, I was recently gobsmacked by a fact that anyone who works in or with the developing world has long known is true.
STATEMENT: Leading Automakers and California Strike Deal to Make More Fuel-Efficient Cars in U.S. WASHINGTON (July 25, 2019) -- Today it was announced that Ford, Honda, Volkswagen and BMW of North America struck a deal with California to produce more fuel-efficient cars for their U.S. fleets in coming years, coming very close to achieving the transportation pollution reductions from previous administrations. Following is a statement from Dan Lashof, Director, WRI United States: “This is an... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
The Global Forestry Equipment Market, valued at US$9,559.4m in 2018, is projected to reach US$13,109.9m by the end of 2026, exhibiting a CAGR of 4.09%. The global market is estimated to grow, with an increasing focus on forest management activities according to a report by Fortune Business Insights. Source: Timberbiz The report titled Forestry Equipment Market Size, Global Market Analysis, Insights and Forecast 2019-2026 points to increasing emphasis of forest management and various goals have been taken into consideration by the forestry industry in order to enhance the quality and quantity of the yield. According to the report an increase in the investments across the forestry industry is supplementing the overall growth of the global forestry equipment market. However, the foresters and forest owners are looking after enhancing the silviculture, which allows them to inculcate forest management plans for the long-term economic, social, and environmental needs of the end-users. Furthermore, with the growth in the production of industrial roundwood, there will be a significant demand for forestry equipment during the forecast period. The felling equipment is anticipated to have the highest market share in 2018 due to the growing demand for harvesters, feller bunchers, etc. On-site processing equipment is estimated to grow significantly during the forecast period mainly due to the increasing production of wood pellets as a power plant feedstock. It is observed that companies are manufacturing modern machinery for forestry in order to increase the efficiency and productivity in all phases of forestry operations without hampering the quality or safety. Current innovations in logging methods combined with forest science to improve techniques for forest operations, including reducing fire risk, low-impact harvesting have been implemented across the forest industry. There has been an expansion in the sophisticated machinery in the forest that has the capability of providing multiple outputs. Forestry equipment companies are manufacturing machines that are purpose-built to be more efficient, safer, cleaner running, and have lower site impacts. North America is anticipated to emerge dominant in the global Forestry Equipment Market during the forecast period. Growth witnessed in the region is likely to be driven by the emergence of online retail facilities, availability of machinery on a rental basis, rising government investments in infrastructure development, reduction in capital investments. Asia Pacific generated a revenue of US$2,101.6m in 2018 and is expected to witness growth owing to increasing in government expenditure for upgrading and rehabilitating the forests across the countries of Asia Pacific. The report provides qualitative and quantitative insights on the forestry equipment market and detailed analysis of market size and growth rate for all possible segments in the market. The market has been segmented by equipment type and geography. By equipment type, the market is categorized into felling equipment, extracting equipment, on-site processing equipment, cutting & loading equipment, and other equipment. Geographically, the market is segmented into five major regions, which are North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. The regions are further categorized into countries. Along with this, the report provides an elaborative analysis of the market dynamics and competitive landscape. Various key insights provided in the report are the price trend analysis, recent industry developments such as mergers & acquisitions, the regulatory scenario in key countries, SWOT analysis, and key industry trends.
In 2018, CEPI members produced 92.2 million tonnes of paper and board, keeping the same level of production than in 2017, and benefiting from a healthy economic environment. Our 2018 data confirms the longstanding trend of increased production in packaging, hygiene and speciality paper sectors while graphic paper continues to decline, following the demand reduction. For the first time since 1990s, the sector opened 9 new mills and created 2,000 more jobs with a total increased turnover of +3%. CO2 emissions from operations are steadily going down while the production of paper and board remained stable which illustrates the significant industry investments in decarbonisation technologies and increased energy efficiency. We have demonstrated how the industry is actively taking responsibility in reducing its carbon emissions, as well as playing a leading role in providing bio-based alternatives to carbon-intensive products in our REINVEST 2050 project. Exports of paper and board products are growing, especially to North America, with 20.6 million tonnes in total, +1.1% compared to 2017 and imports are going up by 3.3%. Europe remains a net exporter and the number one exporting area in the world. Our commitment to the circular economy remains stronger than ever with paper for recycling utilisation on the rise, i.e. the volumes recycled in European mills for reprocessing, keeping the fibres longer in the loop. However, the 2018 recycling rate, i.e. proportion of the paper and board consumption that has been recycled, is slightly down from 72.4% to 71.6% due to trade flows, namely a significant export erosion of paper for recycling (-6.1%). “Our 2018 Key Statistic report demonstrates once again that our industry is fast-transforming, creating jobs and believing in its capacity to grow in Europe putting into practice a true circular bioeconomy model ” said Jori Ringman, CEPI Director General. For more information, please consult our latest market data here. For further information, please contact Ariane Crêvecoeur, CEPI Statistics Manager at email@example.com For press-related enquiries, please contact Claire Couet, CEPI Public Affairs & Communications Director at firstname.lastname@example.org
The most extensive and systematic insect monitoring program ever undertaken in North America shows that butterfly abundance in Ohio declined yearly by 2%, resulting in an overall 33% drop for the 21 years of the program.
Ecosystems in North America's Great Plains have shifted hundreds of miles northward in the past 50 years, driven by climate change, wildfire suppression, energy development, land use changes, and urbanization, according to a recent study published in the journal Nature Climate Change.
Bark beetles are currently responsible for killing an unprecedented number of trees in forests across Europe and North America. Why the beetle populations first explode to decline naturally after a few years is largely unknown. Researchers are therefore urging to step up research into the dynamics of bark beetle populations. They believe that more needs to be done also in view of climate change.
Canada is not immune to the global biodiversity crisis. A new report on the state of Canada's birds that shows perilous declines in birds from a wide range of Canadian habitats makes that abundantly clear.
The uptick in demand for lumber continued in early 2019, with most of the major lumber exporting countries increasing their shipments as compared with early 2018, reported Wood Resources International in its Wood Resource Quarterly (WRQ). Sources: Lesprom, Timberbiz Out of the top 10 exporting countries, the largest year-over-year increases (in %) were in Ukraine, Russia, the US, Chile and Germany. Lumber exports from Ukraine have taken off dramatically after the country banned practically all exports of softwood logs in 2017. North America The free fall of lumber prices in the US came to a halt in early 2019, when prices were close to a four-year low. During the spring prices rose modest in both the US South and the US West. However, prices were substantially lower than their record highs in the 1H/18. Overseas supply of softwood lumber to the US has always been a fairly small share of the total import volume. Canadian supply has historically accounted for 94-97% of total imports, only declining when US lumber prices have been high, thus attracting imports from Europe and Latin America. However, non-Canadian imports have increased for six consecutive years and in 2018 reached their highest level seen in 11 years. Softwood lumber exports from Canada were down 6% year-over-year in 2018, with the biggest decline being in shipments to China. Despite efforts by Canada’s lumber industry to diversify its export shipments, 80% of total exports were destined for the US market in the 3Q/18 – a three-year high. However, this share fell to 76% in the 1Q/19 when exports to China rose again. Northern Europe For the first time in five years, Swedish exports of softwood lumber fell year-over-year in 2018. The biggest declines from 2017 to 2018 were in exports to Asia and the MENA region, while shipments to the European market remained practically unchanged. The European share of total exports from Sweden reached 67% in 2018, the highest level seen since 2011. The MENA region accounted for just over 18% of total shipments, the second lowest share in 10 years. Export prices (in US$) have stayed high during 2018 and actually averaged the highest level seen since 2014. China Despite much uncertainty in the near future for the Chinese economy, lumber imports rose unexpectedly in the 1Q/19 by as much as 14%, as compared with the same quarter in 2018, according to the WRQ. Most of the increase was due to increases in shipments from Russia and Canada, while supply from Europe and Latin America declined. Import prices took a substantial hit in the past year, falling from an average of $335/m3 in March 2018 to $288/m3 in March 2019. Russia Russia increased exports of softwood lumber by 7% from 2017 to 2018 to reach almost 30 million m3. This was the sixth consecutive year that exports have gone up from the previous year. Of the five largest export markets (China, Uzbekistan, Egypt, Azerbaijan and Japan), only Japan imported less lumber from Russia in 2018 than in the previous year.
As the home building and construction season for 2019 marches on, seasoned players in the production, sale and purchase of North American softwood dimension lumber products continue to be surprised by the very low demand for solid wood commodities. Lumber prices continue to drop persistently from the soaring highs experienced just a year ago.
A blessed country of spectacular landscapes and the most diverse array of cultures on Earth, Papua New Guinea is also a global hotspot for biodiversity. Just in terms of species, the South Pacific nation has more birds than all of North America, over three-quarters of the world’s hard corals, and at least 2,000 reef fish. […]
Older forests in eastern North America are less vulnerable to climate change than younger forests, particularly for carbon storage, timber production, and biodiversity, new research finds. The study analyzed how climate change is expected to impact forests across the eastern US and Canada. It found that increased forest age reduces the climate sensitivity of forest carbon, timber, and biodiversity to projected increases in temperature and precipitation.
The insects of the EU and US are the best studied in the world, and it is here that a strengthening case can be made for an alarming insect abundance decline.